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African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV)

The IDEXX RealPCR ASFV Mix is used for the identification of African swine fever virus DNA when combined with the shared reagents of the IDEXX RealPCR platform. Samples can be tested simultaneously with any other IDEXX RealPCR reagents using shared reagents and a single real-time PCR program.

* Availability / Distribution: Outside the U.S. 


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Test details


  • Identification of ASFV DNA
  • Results in approximately 70 minutes

Part numbers and sizes

99-56020 (100 reactions)

About African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV)

African swine fever (ASF), is listed by the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) as a notifiable disease. It is caused by a double-stranded DNA virus belonging to family Asfarvidiridae. The African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV), can spread very rapidly in pig populations by direct or indirect contact. It can persist for long periods in raw pork products, situation that increases the risk of its introduction into new areas. This virus can also become endemic in feral or wild pigs. The presence and life-cycle of certain external parasites, complicates disease control, and could even interfere with an eradication program.

ASFV isolates vary in virulence from highly pathogenic strains that cause near 100% mortality to low–virulence isolates that can be difficult to diagnose. There is no vaccine or treatment. The infection with ASFV, can produce a variety of clinical signs followed in some cases by sudden death. The clinical presentation will depend upon the virulence of the virus, condition of the affected host, dose and route of infection.

ASF is one of the most economically important diseases affecting the global swine industry. The ASF virus (ASFV), has been continuously entering new territories. Prevention of ASF, must be supported by enhanced biosecurity on border controls, avoiding imports from infected countries.

Antigen and antibody based surveillance is useful in endemic areas, Animal Health groups in endemic areas recommend continuous monitoring activities, in addition to identification and registration of all positive samples/animals, a restrictive animal movement control, and extensive cleaning and disinfection.

ASFV may be suspected based on clinical signs and confirmation must be made through prescribed laboratory tests, particularly to differentiate this disease from Classical Swine Fever (CSF).

African swine fever affects members of the swine family (Suidae), including domestic pig, Eurasian wild boars (Sus scrofa scrofa), warthogs (Phacochoerus spp.), bush pigs (Potamochoerus larvatus and Potamochoerus porcus) and giant forest hogs (Hylochoerus spp.). Warthogs and bush pigs, which are generally asymptomatic, are thought to be wildlife reservoirs for the virus in Africa.

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