The Pulse Of Veterinary Medicine
Vet-To-Vet Conversation With IDEXX
An outbreak of parvovirus at a local animal shelter has led to a temporary closure of the parts of the shelter that house dogs. The Heartland Humane Society reports that one dog has died and others are being treated.
Serena Burton, the shelter’s Vice President, explained the comprehensive precautions the shelter is taking to keep the virus from spreading. She also cautioned area pet owners to ensure that their dogs are vaccinated against the deadly disease.
Canine parvovirus 2 (CPV-2) is a highly contagious and life-threatening disease. Puppies and dogs may present with sudden onset of lethargy, vomiting, fever, and bloody diarrhea. Effective vaccines are available, however puppies under 12-16 weeks of age may have maternal antibodies that block the vaccine’s action leaving them vulnerable to infection. Early and definitive identification allows for timely management and treatment and helps to prevent the spread of this dangerous disease.
Is your practice prepared should there be an increase in canine parvovirus in your area? In a recent study, the SNAP® Parvo Test did not produce a positive result in dogs recently vaccinated with modified live vaccines1 so you can have confidence in the accuracy of your diagnosis. Keep the SNAP® Parvo Test in-stock so that you’re prepared and remind your clients to stay current with their vaccinations.
Dogs with clinical signs of hemorrhagic diarrhea that test negative for canine parvovirus by the SNAP Parvo Test can be tested for additional causes of bloody diarrhea using the Canine Hemorrhagic Gastroenteritis (HGE)/Bloody Diarrhea RealPCR™ Panel, test code 3759, at the IDEXX Reference Laboratory. This panel includes the newly discovered Clostridium perfringens CPnetE/F toxin gene test which is associated with hemorrhagic gastroenteritis (HGE)2, as well as RealPCR™ tests for five other pathogens that may cause bloody diarrhea.
1 Schultz RD, Larson LJ, Lorentzen LP. Effects of modified live canine parvovirus vaccine on the SNAP ELISA antigen assay. J Vet Emerg Crit Care. 2008;18(4):415
2Gohari IM, Parreira VR, Nowell VJ, Nicholson VM, Oliphant K, Prescott JF (2015) A Novel Pore-Forming Toxin in Type A Clostridium perfringens Is Associated with Both Fatal Canine Hemorrhagic Gastroenteritis and Fatal Foal Necrotizing Enterocolitis. PLoS ONE 10(4): e0122684. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.012268