Classical Swine Fever (CSFV)

Classical swine fever virus (CSFV), or hog cholera, causes serious losses in the pig industry because it is highly pathogenic and may cause widespread deaths. Pigs infected with highly virulent CSFV strains may shed high amounts of virus before showing clinical signs of the disease. Animals that survive an acute or subacute infection develop antibodies and will no longer spread the virus. Moderately virulent, less pathogenic strains may lead to chronic infection when pigs excrete the virus continuously or intermittently until death. Congenital infection may result in abortion, mummified fetuses, stillborn and/or weak piglets, or embryonic malformations.

The most frequent outcome of congenital infection with low virulent strains is the birth of persistently infected piglets spreading the virus without the signs of the disease in the absence of immune response. All animals shedding the virus need to be identified and removed from the herd to prevent the spread of infection. Pigs may also be infected with bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) or border disease virus (BDV). Although these infections in pigs are usually mild and self-limiting, it is important to reliably distinguish them from the CSFV infection.

The application of recombinant or subunit vaccines against CSFV allows the differentiation of vaccinated and infected animals by using the compatible diagnostic ELISA. There are today such DIVA systems available using E2 subunit vaccine and Erns detecting ELISA tests.

Classical Swine Fever (CSFV)

Testing Solutions

ELISA


IDEXX CSFV Ab Test

Availability/Distribution: Outside the U.S.

 

The IDEXX CSFV Ab Test is a blocking ELISA for the detection of CSFV antibodies in swine serum or plasma.

 

CSFV Ab Test Information Sheet PDF icon

IDEXX CSFV Ab Test

Part Number: 99-41279
(2 plates/strips)

Part Number: 99-43220
(5 plates/strips)

Part Number: 99-43230
(5 plates/solid)

  • Serum or plasma samples
  • Overnight protocol with optional two-hour result
 

IDEXX CSFV Ag Serum Plus Test

Availability/Distribution: Outside the U.S.

 

The IDEXX CSFV Ag Serum Plus Test is an antigen capture ELISA detecting the Erns protein of the virus. The new ELISA has high sensitivity and specificity compared to previous Ag ELISAs on the market, and it is comparable to PCR testing of individual samples.

 

CSFV Ag Serum Test Information Sheet PDF icon

IDEXX CSFV Ag Serum Plus Test

Part Number: 99-40939
(2 plates/strips)

Part Number: 99-40949
(5 plates/solid)

  • Serum, plasma, short and overnight protocol
 

† Not all products are available and/or registered in every country.